Problem Gambling Awareness Month: A Toolkit and Tips for Behavioral Health Professionals

March is Problem Gambling Awareness Month (PGAM). This grassroots campaign encourages organizations and individuals to hold conferences, air public service announcements, host screening days, run social media campaigns, and any other activities that will raise public awareness of problem gambling and the fact that services are available for treatment, recovery and prevention.

The two primary goals of this national campaign are:

  1. To increase public awareness of problem gambling and the availability of prevention, treatment & recovery services.
  2. To encourage healthcare providers to screen clients for problem gambling.

This year’s theme is: “Celebrating 20 Years” #PGAM2023.

What Does PGAM Mean For Professionals In Behavioral Health? 

“Awareness Month” national observances often bring to mind the need for making the public more “knowledgeable” of behavioral health issues by focusing on education and information. In reality, more is needed than just awareness to make a difference. By focusing on the two most important components of the campaign, PGAM CAN make a difference for those with gambling disorder and their families. Activities frequently consist of professionals and organizations presenting basic facts about gambling disorder to people, families, and workers in other fields for increasing general knowledge, identifying problems, and getting people to resources that can help them. Other activities help people to understand how effective treatment for behavioral health disorders is and how entering treatment and sustained recovery can lead to lives that are every bit as healthy, happy, and fulfilling as those who have never faced having a behavioral health disorder. In addition to educating people, awareness days and months also raise hope, encourage support, and help eliminate stigma. A great deal can be accomplished through simply increasing the knowledge of the general public about behavioral health disorders.

6 Things to Know and Share About Problem Gambling

  1. Problem gambling has a high correlation with other behavioral health disorders (Lorains, et. al., 2011; Jacob, et. al., 2018; Petry 2005; Sacco, et. al. 2008).
  2. Problem gambling is often a “hidden” disorder, whether by its lack of overt signs and symptoms or by purposeful concealment (Ladouceur, 2004).
  3. Problem gambling is often linked with suicide (Battersby, et. al., 2006; Black et. al., 2015; Ciarrocchi, 1987; Kausch, 2003a; Kausch, 2003b; Petry and Kiluk, 2002).
  4. Substituting problem gambling for another behavioral disorder happens frequently enough to be a serious issue (Spunt, 2002; Widyanto and Griffiths, 2006; Boughton and Falenchuk, 2007).
  5. Research suggest that people with co-occurring problem gambling and other behavioral disorders are less responsive to treatment (Crockford and El-Guebaly, 1998).
  6. Current research suggests that in most cases a substance use disorder precedes problem gambling (Crockford and El-Guebaly, 1998; Cunningham-Williams, et al, 2000).

In addition to raising awareness, it’s important to consider ways you can take action.  Maybe you want to expand your professional knowledge of problem gambling, or consider committing to screening client’s, or perhaps you want to celebrate and acknowledge your colleagues who are doing the important work of treating individuals with gambling addiction. To help professionals take action, here are some tips for keeping gambling disorder in mind no matter what aspect of behavioral health is within your scope of practice:

  • Know what Gambling Disorder is from a mental health perspective. Most people understand that gambling disorder involves betting something of value on a game of chance. While most people think of casinos, slot machines, and card games as “gambling,” fewer people -even some professionals- are aware that bingo, lottery tickets, and even the stock market can be considered gambling and can result in significant impact on the lives of those who gamble, their loved ones, and their friends. Criteria developed in the DSM 5 can help define and identify Gambling Disorder.
  • Screen your clients for gambling disorder. Regularly. Research shows that gambling disorder may not evolve until the person is well into recovery from another behavioral health disorder. Therefore, screening in the initial stages of treatment, which is very important for determining co-occurring disorders, is not enough (Crockford and El-Guebaly, 1998; Cunningham-Williams, et al, 2000). Screening provides an opportunity to refer the person who meets initial criteria to a trained clinical professional for a face-to-face evaluation. This year’s Gambling Disorder Screening Day is Tuesday, March 8, 2022.
  • Use recommended Screening Tools. Many have been developed for initial screening for gambling disorder, such as the Brief Biosocial Gambling Screen (BBGS), the DSM-5 Gambling Disorder Criteria, and the NORC Diagnostic Screen for Gambling Problems Self-administered (NODS-SA). Additional information on screening tools can be found in the Gambling Disorder Screening Day Toolkit that was developed for the NCPG by Cambridge Health Alliance Division on Addiction.
  • Advocate for programs and services that will help those with gambling disorder and their loved ones and friends. If advocacy is unfamiliar to you, join with others who “know the ropes” such as the NCPG. You may even decide to attend Problem Gambling Advocacy Day which is on hold due to COVID-19 but will be observed in the future when safe to do so. Normally it is scheduled for in March, April, or early May in Washington, DC to help those attending to become more engaged, network with other advocates, and educate federal legislators about gambling disorder. Watch for next year’s registration for this event.
  • Educate clients and others in your practice or other spheres where you have influence by making information available and bringing it to the level of conversation in the course of your daily work activities. This can be as simple as providing a list of NCPG resources or by contacting your State Affiliate for  state-specific resources, self-help resources, support resources for family and friends, and treatment resources.

Professional Development Opportunities

For the month of March, CASAT Learning is offering Screening for Gambling Problems: Why Addressing Client Gambling Behaviors Matters in Behavioral Health Care: SELF-PACED ONLINE free in honor of Problem Gambling Awareness Month. Perhaps you are not yet a behavioral health provider or you know someone who is interested in becoming a Problem Gambling Peer Support Specialist. CASAT Learning also offers Problem Gambling Intern Readiness: Self-Paced Online course.

There are a multitude of tools for those who wish to participate in PGAM, including a toolkit with templates for everything from press releases to Tweets, logos and graphics for websites and print materials, a Gambling Disorder Screening Day Toolkit, and directions for getting a State Issued Proclamation, as well as a place to email them for posting on the NCPG website. There are many reasons and ways for both professionals in behavioral health and others to combine Awareness + Action for Problem Gambling Awareness Month for all of March and beyond. For additional information, check the CASAT OnDemand Resources and Downloads page.

For additional flowcharts for behavioral health providers, read the Catalyst blog post Choose Your Pathway To An LADC, LCADC, CADC, or CADC-I in Nevada: Featuring Brand-New Flowcharts for Each!  Or Navigating the Gambling Counselor Intern Flowchart.

For a comprehensive look at this public health crisis, read the article, Problem Gambling: A Public Health Crisis. To read all of the posts about Gambling Disorder, visit the Gambling Disorder category of the Catalyst blog. For additional resources and links on Gambling Disorder, visit the Resources & Downloads page of the CASAT OnDemand website.

How will you or your organization be observing Problem Gambling Awareness Month? Are you registered on the PGAM website to let people know? Post in the comments below!

This article was developed originally by Stephanie Asteriadis Pyle, PhD and was revised and updated by Heather Haslem, M.S. at CASAT. Feel free to use, link to, or distribute this information. A link to our site and attribution would be much appreciated. This post was originally published in June 2019 and has been updated, to read the original version follow this link.


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Black, D. W., Coryell, W., Crowe, R., McCormick, B., Shaw, M., & Allen, J. (2015). Suicide ideations, suicide attempts, and completed suicide in persons with pathological gambling and their First‐Degree relatives. Suicide and Life‐Threatening Behavior, 45(6), 700-709. doi:10.1111/sltb.12162

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Kausch, O. (2003a). Patterns of substance abuse among treatment-seeking pathological gamblers. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 25(4), 263-270. doi:10.1016/S0740-5472(03)00117-X

Kausch, O. (2003b). Suicide attempts among veterans seeking treatment for pathological gambling. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 64(9), 1031-1038. doi:10.4088/JCP.v64n0908

Ladouceur, R. (2004). Gambling: The hidden addiction. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 49(8), 501-503. doi:10.1177/070674370404900801

Lorains, F. K., Cowlishaw, S., & Thomas, S. A. (2011). Prevalence of comorbid disorders in problem and pathological gambling: Systematic review and meta‐analysis of population surveys. Addiction, 106(3), 490-498. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03300.x

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Sacco, P., Cunningham-Williams, R. M., Ostmann, E., & Spitznagel, E. L. (2008). The association between gambling pathology and personality disorders. Journal of psychiatric research, 42(13), 1122-30.

Spunt, B. (2002). Pathological gambling and substance misuse. Substance use & Misuse, 37(8-10), 1299-1304. doi:10.1081/JA-120004186

Widyanto, L., & Griffiths, M. (2006). ‘Internet addiction’: A critical review. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 4(1), 31-51. doi:10.1007/s11469-006-9009-9

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