Sexual Assault Awareness Month 2022 #WeAreResilient

October marks Domestic Violence Awareness Month (DVAM), which began in 1987. DVAM evolved from the ‘Day of Unity’ originating in 1981 and was the first-time domestic violence was recognized nationally. This awareness event aims to raise awareness about the prevalence of domestic violence along with connecting individuals and organizations working on domestic violence issues. Over the last 35 years progress has been made to support domestic violence survivors, along with regulations and laws that hold abusers accountable.

What is domestic violence?

According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Domestic violence is the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behavior as part of a systematic pattern of power and control perpetrated by one intimate partner against another. It includes physical violence, sexual violence, threats, economic, and emotional/psychological abuse. The frequency and severity of domestic violence varies dramatically.

Download Iceberg of Domestic Violence

One of the biggest challenges with domestic violence is it’s not always visible, especially when it comes to emotional violence. The Iceberg of domestic violence shows socially unacceptable forms of domestic violence which includes intimate partner homicide, sever forms of physical violence (i.e., beating, burning, strangulation), intimate partner rape, and sexual violence. The iceberg also depicts just how much is below the surface (socially acceptable forms of domestic violence) – from financial abuse, emotional abuse, coercion, and victim blaming.

What is the prevalence of domestic violence in the United States?

  • Annually, more than 10 million adults experience domestic violence.
  • 1 in 4 women and 1 in 10 men experience sexual violence, physical violence and/or stalking by an intimate partner during their lifetime. They experience concerns for their safety, PTSD symptoms, injury, or need access to victim services.
  • Approximately 1 in 5 female victims and 1 in 20 male victims need medical care.
    Female victims sustain injuries 3x more often than male victims.
    1 in 5 female victims and 1 in 9 male victims need legal services.
  • 2% of women and 13.9% of men have experienced severe physical violence by an intimate partner during their lifetime.
  • From 2016 through 2018 the number of intimate partner violence victimizations in the United States increased 42%.
  • On a typical day, domestic violence hotlines nationwide receive over 19,000 calls.
  • An abuser’s access to a firearm increases the risk of intimate partner femicide by 400%.
  • In 2018, partner violence accounted for 20% of all violent crime.
Partner Violence
  • From 2016 through 2018 the number of intimate partner violence victimizations in the United States increased 42%.
  • On a typical day, domestic violence hotlines nationwide receive over 19,000 calls.
  • An abuser’s access to a firearm increases the risk of intimate partner femicide by 400%.
  • In 2018, partner violence accounted for 20% of all violent crime.
  • 19% of intimate partner violence involves a weapon.

What is the prevalence of domestic violence in Nevada?

  • 8% of Nevada women and 32.8% of Nevada men experience some form of domestic violence (i.e., intimate partner physical violence, intimate partner sexual violence and/or intimate partner stalking in their lifetimes).
  • Nevada has a long history of ranking 1st in the nation for domestic violence fatalities. In 2017, Nevada ranked 4th in the rate of femicide. 56% of these femicides were committed by intimate partners, and of these, 67% were killed with firearms.
  • In 2019, Nevada domestic violence programs served 37,669 survivors.
  • In 2019, law enforcement responded to at least 8,462 domestic violence incidents. Many others went unreported.

What laws are related to domestic violence in the state of Nevada?

There are three statutes that pertain to domestic violence in Nevada, which include 33.018, 200.481, and 200.485. According to the National Coalition for Domestic Violence, there are firearm laws in place that prohibit domestic violence misdemeanants from possessing firearms, excluding dating partners. In addition, dating abusers, are prohibited from purchasing or acquiring firearms. Courts may prohibit respondents from possessing or owning firearms and/or require them to relinquish any firearms in their possession. Although courts are not explicitly authorized to prohibit respondents to ex parte protective orders from possessing firearms or to require them to relinquish their firearms, they are authorized to order whatever relief they deem necessary to protect victims and survivors, including dating partners.

What new resources are available in Nevada?

Intimate partner violence is most common against women between the ages of 18-24. One organization that is working on addressing domestic violence within this age group is NevadaCARES which is located at the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR). We asked their new Advocate Coordinator, Alexis Rodriguez to share about their organization

1.) What is NevadaCARES?

NevadaCARES aspires to end sexual assault, relationship violence, and/or stalking by engaging the UNR campus community in awareness building, prevention education, and transformative action. Through NevadaCARES Advocacy Center, free and confidential support services are available to those impacted by these forms of power-based violence. Programs and services are accessible to people of all identities.
NevadaCARES has begun providing direct services through a newly hired Advocate Coordinator located at the NevadaCARES Advocacy Center. The Advocate Coordinator is a link between the individual, campus-based resources, and programs in the community. Services will be in the form of advocacy to students, faculty, and staff. Individual services will assist those on campus through the process of making decisions, accessing support, examining feelings, and exploring the impact and meaning of their experiences. Connection to resources is a vital component of healing from a traumatic experience.

2.) What is the prevalence of domestic violence among college students?

14% to 31% of women and 10% of men experience relationship violence during their time attending higher education institutions (Cantor et al., 2019; Krebs et al., 2016). This data implies that a significant portion of the student population at the University of Nevada, Reno will and/or has encountered some form of relationship violence during the course of their education which can negatively influence their academic attendance and performance.

It is additionally important to highlight that Nevada ranks among the top ten states in the nation for instances of relationship violence, indicating that a substantial percentage of faculty and staff could also be affected (Nevada Coalition to End Domestic and Sexual Violence, 2021).

3.) What is the new center?

The NevadaCARES Advocacy Center is a new program on campus that provides free and confidential support services to those who have been affected by power-based violence, specifically domestic/relationship violence, sexual assault, and stalking. . Our Advocacy Center is open to any student, faculty, or staff who is in need of services from 9:00 am – 5:00 pm, Monday-Friday in Edmund J. Cain Hall (EJCH) 239F. Along with our new Advocacy Center, NevadaCARES has opened a Student Lounge that is available to survivors, packtivist, and student interns. Our Student Lounge is also open 9:00 am – 5:00 pm Monday-Friday located in EJCH 236.

4.) How do students access it?

Students can access our services by emailing, by phone at (775)682-8006, or by filling out an appointment request on

5.) What would you like behavioral health providers (in the community) to know about domestic violence or the work you do?

We would like behavioral health providers to understand that domestic violence does not discriminate against students in college. We would like to acknowledge the prevalence of domestic violence in college students and the lack of resources we have to support these individuals.

According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Domestic violence impacts every community, and affects all people regardless of age, socio- economic status, sexual orientation, gender, race, religion, or nationality. Physical violence is often accompanied by emotionally abusive and controlling behavior as part of a much larger, systematic pattern of dominance and control. Domestic violence can result in physical injury, psychological trauma, and even death. The devastating consequences of domestic violence can cross generations and last a lifetime.




The National Domestic Violence Hotline
1-800-799-7233 (SAFE)

National Dating Abuse Helpline

National Child Abuse Hotline/Childhelp
1-800-4-A-CHILD (1-800-422-4453)

National Sexual Assault Hotline
1-800-656-4673 (HOPE)

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
1-800-273-8255 (TALK)

National Center for Victims of Crime

National Human Trafficking Resource Center/Polaris Project
Call: 1-888-373-7888 | Text: HELP to BeFree (233733)

National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights

National Coalition for the Homeless

National Resource Center on Domestic Violence
1-800-537-2238 and

Futures Without Violence: The National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence

National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma & Mental Health
1-312-726-7020 ext. 2011

National Runaway Safeline
1-800-RUNAWAY or 1-800-786-2929


Childhelp USA/National Child Abuse Hotline

Children’s Defense Fund

Child Welfare League of America

National Council on Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Child Protection and Custody/Resource Center on Domestic Violence

Center for Judicial Excellence


Love is respect
Hotline: 1-866-331-9474

Break the Cycle

College Campus Safety Guide


Domestic Violence Initiative
(303) 839-5510/ (877) 839-5510

Deaf Abused Women’s Network (DAWN)
VP: 202-559-5366


Women of Color Network

INCITE! Women of Color Against Violence


Casa de Esperanza
Linea de crisis 24-horas/24-hour crisis line

National Latin@ Network for Healthy Families and Communities


The National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project
(202) 274-4457


National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center


Asian and Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence

Committee Against Anti-Asian Violence (CAAAV)
1-212- 473-6485



The Black Church and Domestic Violence Institute


The Audre Lorde Project

LAMBDA GLBT Community Services

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force

Northwest Network of Bisexual, Trans, Lesbian & Gay Survivors of Abuse

Trans Lifeline


National Clearinghouse on Abuse in Later Life

National Center for Elder Abuse


National Organization for Men Against Sexism (NOMAS)

A Call to Men

Men Stopping Violence


Battered Women’s Justice Project

Legal Momentum

National Clearinghouse for the Defense of Battered Women
1-800-903-0111 x 3

Legal Network for Gender Equity

Domestic Violence Legal Empowerment and Appeals Project


National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. (2022). 2022 Domestic Violence Awareness Month: DVAM Tool Kit. National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Retrieved October 17, 2022, from

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