This guide Developed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) helps clinicians influence the change process in their clients by incorporating motivational interventions into substance use disorder treatment programs. It describes different interventions that can be used at all stages of change (SAMHSA – Revised, 2013).
Published in 1999, Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) 35 offers guidance to addiction treatment providers on using the motivational interviewing (MI) therapeutic approach, along with the stages-of-change model of behavior change, in substance use treatment. The Consensus Panel was not reconvened to review and update the information in TIP 35. However, a literature search on the use of MI in substance use treatment covering 2013 to mid-2017 was conducted, and its results inform the discussion in this supplemental document (SAMHSA, 2017).